Snakes, which brings fear. Not only of their venom but also their appearance, their lightning reflexes and their ability to do such extraordinary. Humans generally stay away or harm these creatures in fear and confusion but, snakes are very interesting species.
Do you know, snakes are very shy and like to be left alone? They don’t attack without necessity like for food or self defense. There are much more you would get to know about snakes in this list. So let’s start.
1. Snakes are the result of evolution of prehistoric lizards. This took approximately 100 million years.
2. Over 3789 species of snakes has been found on planet Earth, from which almost 700 species are venomous.
3. Snakes are very flexible. So many of us believe that they don’t have bones. In fact, a human has 24 ribs and 206 bones in total. Whereas, they have 33 ribs and up to 1200 bones.
4. Snakes don’t have external ears. So they can’t hear any kind of airborne sound. Like if you play a rock song track in full volume, it won’t scare the snake. That’s why snakes don’t mimic a snake charmer by the flute but it happens with the charmer’s motion. Although they have internal ears, which helps only for body balance.
5. Snakes are cold blooded like other reptiles but they don’t go to hibernation like others. They do reduce body metabolism but stay active by absorbing Sun’s light and heat. You can call it solar power.
6. Snakes don’t have good eyesight. They even can’t see colors. Snakes only hunt or attack by differentiating movements. If you stand still in front of the most venomous snake, it won’t even notice you.
7. Venomous snakes have specialized venom glands and teeth known as “Fang“. Venom is highly modified saliva which immobilizes any prey and breaks down tissues for better digestion. It is not designed for attack purposes even researches showed that a snake does not know that the venom can kill. But the venom takes time to produce. So a snake always uses venom only when needed and not to scare or kill other.
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8. Snakes jaw are very well designed, as they can’t bite or chew. They have to swallow the whole. The teeth are faced inwards and the upper and lower jaw can open 10 times bigger their own head. This helps them to eat bigger meals. It’s like a human swallowing a whole goat.
9. Black Mamba is the fastest venomous snake in the world, which can run as fast as 20kmph. Or 12mph. and it can lift 2/3 of its entire length which can be as high as 5 feet.
10. Constrictors like Anacondas, Pythons, and Boas don’t have venom. So they use their massive body to wrap the prey and constrict it until death due to suffocation. But, they do have one or two rows of teeth in both upper and lower jaw, and a third row of teeth at the middle of upper jaw. This counts almost 80 teeth.
11. Snakes generally sense by the help of smell. They use their forked tongue to smell chemical particles in the atmosphere. This helps them to hunt or run away from possible danger.
12. Some snakes hunt by sensing the heat signature of any warm blooded creature. They do it by the help of pit organs present on their frontal area of the head.
13. The King Cobra is the largest venomous snake and also the only species of snake that build nests. It is very fascinating that how a limbless creature builds nest with straw, vegetation, leaves and weeds. Researchers are still amazed that how the humidity and temperature get maintained in the nest.
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14. 70% of the snakes lay eggs which are known as ”Oviparous“. Such as King Cobra, Rock Python etc. The other 30% species are known as “Viviparous” which directly gave birth to young once like Sand Boa, Vine Snakes.
15. Do you know snakes can fly? Actually these snakes glide when they gain a height by climbing and then dive downward. They simply flattened their body to create drag. These snakes can glide for up to 100 meters and they can even change direction during the flight.
16. Being a cold blooded reptile the Himalayan Pit Viper stays in extreme cold temperature which is almost 4000 meters above sea level. Researchers still work on how these creatures do survive in this harsh climate.
17. Two-headed snakes are not myth. These snakes do occur in special cases but eventually die due to fight for food rather than sharing.
18. A species of non poisonous snake gets poisonous due to its diet. These snakes hunt for specific type of toxic frogs and after eating, the venom gets stored in their neck gland. This can be used at the time of danger.
19. Cobras are very accurate having 100% success rate and the spiting cobra can spray its venom accurately at the eye of the attacker within six feet. It has been seen that cobras watch the attacker and calculates what will be the next position of the attacker’s eye. And also the venom got spread in various directions to increase the chances of hitting the target.
20. Sea snakes are much more venomous then the most venomous snake on land.
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21. At the timing of threatening all snakes make hissing sound but only the Rattle snake makes a rattling sound by their tail which can heard from far away.
22. Snakes are cannibal. It has been seen that a king snake eating a coral snake.
23. Sea kraits can breathe underwater partially by their skin. This helps them for longer dive underwater.
24. Inland Taipan is the most venomous land snake in the world. Having more than 80% envenoming rate comparing other snake species.
25. Anti venom are the only hopes when you will receive a venomous snake bite but do you know it’s made from snake venom.