Anaconda, The name itself says strength and fear. When snakes don’t freak you out then anacondas will definitely. These massive muscular creatures are not just scary but awesome predators too. They went through excellent evolution to make them perfect. They are not poisonous but still remains as the king. Want to know more about these amazing creatures? Let’s come with us, as we would let you bring face to face with an Anaconda.
1. Anaconda is a species of Boidae or Boa family. They are basically Boa constrictors.
3. The Green Anaconda is not the longest snake but, definitely the largest and heaviest snake on the planet.
4. Female Green Anacondas can grow up-to 25 feet and weigh as much as 250kgs in some special cases. But, according to wildlife experts they generally grow up-to 15 feet and weigh as much as 70kgs.
5. These snakes can live up-to 12 years but, in captivity they can grow constantly up-to 30years.
6. Constrictors don’t have poison so do the Anacondas. They are ambush predators, which catch their prey and constrict until the prey dies.
7. These snakes have 4 rows of teeth in their Jaws. All are sharp as needle and pointed backward that helps not to escape the prey from their grasp.
8. It has been believed that these snakes kill their victims by coiling their body and suffocate until die. But, recently it has been seen the coiling has nothing to do with breathing but to cut off the blood flow to brain. It causes quicker death than suffocating. Sometimes the smaller animals got crushed by the immense muscular pressure also.
9. The largest Green Anaconda found was 28 feet long which record was later beaten by a 28 feet long python. But the thickness of 44 inches was no match of the thin python, making the Anaconda as the largest snake.
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10. These snakes are ambush predators so, they have evolved such way. Their eyes and nostrils are above the head which helps them to sneak out just above water level keeping the entire body underneath the water. They can sense heat also. So sneaking above water is to judge the distance of target and the prey would never realize when the snake will strike.
11. They are excellent swimmers. These snakes are heavy and difficult to move fast on land. So, they live in slow stream, swamp areas most of the time to slip through fast. Their smooth scales also help them to make water coating around them providing more agility. It has been seen they can swim as fast as 20miles an hour and can stay up-to 10 minutes under water, in fact their scientific name is “Eunectes Murinus” which means good swimmer in Latin.
12. These giants have a large appetite but not picky. They do eat birds, small reptiles, other small snakes even mammals like white tail deer, Capybara also.
13. Anacondas eventually snack on caimans(small alligators). But, despite their huge size grasping an alligator is not an easy task. It has been seen Anacondas having serious injury during these attacks.
14. These snakes can digest anything. They eat mammals whole and digest their hooves and horns also. And once eaten a large meal they remain without food for months.
15. Anacondas are Ovoviviparous, which means they are cross of Oviparous and Viviparous. Females carry eggs but in their bodies, at time of birth the eggs don’t come out instead, mother snake give birth of around 80 nos of 2 feet long live babies.
16. Anacondas mate once a year, in April and may one female and up-to 10-20 males are use to engaged in mating balls which can last for weeks.
17. Despite of being an apex predator, fearsome and unpredictable nature, these magnificent creatures are still very hard to locate and hard to study on wildlife. They generally rest most of their lives in safe damp shelters.
18. Anacondas are found in South America including Brazil, Ecuador, Columbia, Bolivia, Venezuela.